In brief, this Technical Memorandum describes the retinal mechanisms involved when optical radiation signals are converted into neural signals (a phenomena called phototransduction) for vision and for other body functions. Optical radiation reaching the retina not only impacts on how humans see the world, it also regulates physiology and behavior, both directly and indirectly. This includes acute effects such as suppressing pineal melatonin production, elevating morning cortisol production, increasing subjective alertness, enhancing psychomotor performance, changing brain activation patterns to a more alert state, elevating heart rate, increasing core body temperature, activating pupil constriction, and even stimulating circadian clock gene expression.
Softcover or Secure PDF: 23 pages
Publisher: Illuminating Engineering Society (2011)
Dimensions: 8½” x 11″